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Last updated 26 October 2012 15:30 by NZTecAdmin
Brainstorming (PDF, 27 KB)

The purpose of the activity

This activity aims to activate background knowledge so learners can link what they know already to what they want to write. By using brainstorming, you can identify learners’ current knowledge about a topic, and learners can share what they know with each other.

The teaching points

  • The learners draw on relevant prior knowledge.
  • The learners clarify misunderstandings.


  • A whiteboard and markers.

The guided teaching and learning sequence

1. Write a topic on the board and ask the learners to describe what they know about it.

2. Write what the learners say on the board.

3. Discuss the learners’ ideas, relating them to the writing task.

Follow-up activity

As the learners plan and compose their writing, they can check the brainstorm to note which ideas they are covering. Discuss the match between the learners’ prior knowledge and their writing.


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