Te Arapiki Ako
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10. Phonemic awareness

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Last updated 26 October 2012 15:29 by NZTecAdmin


  • Phonemes are the smallest segments of sound in spoken language. They distinguish one word from another. There are 42-46 phonemes in English (depending on the dialect). Some sounds, for example /th/ do not occur in most other languages.
  • Explicit instruction that helps these adults develop phonemic awareness is necessary for them to be able to both decode and encode (spell) printed text. Again, you need to know what learners don’t know so that you can focus on that. Adult learners, like younger learners, do not need to be taught things they already know.


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